Here we have brought out the general care instructions for different fabric types. However, keep in mind that different fabrics need different approaches before, during and after washing and therefore we suggest to always do a test-washing with a piece of the fabric prior to sewing. This will enable you to determine the color fastness, shrinkage, etc qualities of the fabric. We also suggest to iron the piece of fabric to determine the specific ironing qualities.
Wash light and dark/colored fabics separately, also wash fabrics with similar colors and washing temperature requirements together.
In order to avoid color transfer and ruining other clothing, always check the care instructions prior to washing. Whether you are not sure which materials may transfer colors (usually these fabrics' care instructions note "No bleaching!"), perform a color fastness test with a regular washing cycle prior to washing new clothes:
1. Wet a small area of the fabric with water.
2. Iron the wet area through white paper or paper towel.
3. Whether the paper turns colorful, the specific fabric transfers color and should be washed separately from other clothing.
COTTON (abbreviation: CO)
CARE: Cotton is easily washable, stains and dirt are easily removed with washing solutions. Fibre handles high ironing temperatures. Generally suggested washing temperatures for cotton clothes are up to 60° (colored- or delicate fabric programme). Bleaching is prohibited, centrifuging on a low temperature. Ironing temperature up to 150° C. As cotton fibres tolerate temperatures well, care instructions should be based on the added fibre types and the finishing of the fabric. Dry cleaning is allowed.
LINEN/FLAX (abbreviation: LI)
CARE: Linen dries fast and has the highest heat resistance of the textile fibres. Ironing with steam or on a high temperature (3 dots) when moist turns linen smooth. Avoid harsh rubbing or strong machine wash programmes when washing linen fabrics. Linen products might get moisture stains when left about while moist. The fibres are not as easily bleached as for cotton and bleaching damages the linen fibres.
WOOL (abbreviation: WO)
CARE: It is often more advisable to use dry cleaning rather than washing in case of wool fabrics. In any case, pay close attention to the label which informs of how to wash the item and whether it is suitable for mashine washing (wool programme). When caring for wool fabrics, take into account the slight felting. It is suggested to use washing products meant for wool, low temperatures and to wash by hand. Even temperatures for both washing and rinsing are very important. Does not handle rubbing and scrubbing, wash by slightly pressing. Does not handle wringing, centrifuging or machine drying. Dried on a stand, not ironed, but steamed. If mashine washing is necessary, choose a delicate programme on a low temperature, which end with water draining. Wool fabrics are not soaked, but washed directly. Whether wool fibres are mixed with other fibres, care instructions are based on the gentler fiber.
SILK (abbreviation: SE)
CARE: Often times the material care does not depend on the fibers, but rather on the color- and finising products used on the material. Some silks can be only dry cleaned due to the water-soluable finishing used on them. As silk fibers are resistant to organic solutions, it is recommended to use dry cleaning on silk fabrics. Washing should only be done by carefully following the washing instructions. Silk should be hand-washed by gently pressing, not to be soaked and by using specialized washing products. Silk products should not be wringed, the water should be pressed out. It is advised to wrap the product in a towel to dry it and hang the item in a cool, not hot environment. Items needing ironing should only be ironed moist, on a low temperature and on the backside of the fabric. High temperatures cause silk fibres to lose color and burn. Chlorine bleaches are not to be used.
VISCOSE (abbreviation: VI/CV)
CARE: Viscose fibers enlarge in water about four times more than cotton fibers and also elongate. Therefore it is suggested to dry clean viscose materials as the fibers weaken when washed. Viscose can be washed with a delicate washing programme. When hand-washing, do not leave to fabric to soak and press the water out instead of wringing. As viscose fabrics wrinkle easily, always iron them after drying to restore the initial dimensions of the item.
POLYESTER (abberivation: PES/PL)
CARE: Handwash or mashine-wash at 40° C. Avoid strong centrifuging. Rinse properly and use rinsing products whether possible. Dry by hanging and iron on low temperatures.
ELASTANE (abbreviation: EA/EL)
CARE: Elastane products need frequest washing as the fibers have low sweat tolerance. Sweat, seawater, chlorine and direct sunlight make the fibers brittle. Washing temperatures depend on the type (blend) of the fibers, most effective programmes are colored- or delicates washing programmes. Due to low heat tolerance, ironing should be done of the lowest temperatures possible. Producst should be dried away from direct sunlight, to avoid fibre damage.